Approximately 7.5 million people in the United States are affected by a condition called psoriasis which is an autoimmune disease that requires treatment by a doctor.
CAUSES OF PSORIASIS
The cause of this condition may be a mystery, but researchers believe genetics are involved and flare-ups can be triggered by stress, sunburn, and certain medications. Having to deal with a long-term disease that flares up unexpectedly is terrible, but knowing the possible effects of psoriasis will help you be better prepared to handle flare-ups and perhaps prevent different health issues.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF PSORIASIS
The signs and symptoms of psoriasis vary depending on the type you have. Some common signs for Plaque Psoriasis — the most common type of psoriasis — include:
- Plaques of red, inflamed skin often covered with loose, silver-colored scales. These plaques may be itchy and painful and sometimes crack and bleed. In severe cases, the plaques will grow and merge into one another, covering large areas.
- Disorders of the fingernails and toenails, including discoloration and pitting of the nails. The nails may also begin to crumble or detach from the nail bed.
- Scaly plaques on the scalp.
- Small areas of bleeding where the involved skin is scratched.
Approximately one of every twenty psoriasis sufferers is affected by stiff, painful joints which are known as psoriatic arthritis. Typically, only the toes and fingers are affected and nail changes occur. In rare, severe cases this type of arthritis affects the joints of the spine. The earlier the psoriatic arthritis diagnosed by a doctor or a board certified physician, the better to deal with it. Early diagnosis helps limit or prevent damage to joints which occur in the disease’s late stages.
TREATMENT OF PSORIASIS
(a) Scalp psoriasis affects approximately 50% of the people with this condition. This type ranges from mild, dandruff scaling to crusty plaques which spread to your neck and forehead. Scalp psoriasis is very itchy, and medicated shampoo may help.
(b) Nail changes are also caused by this condition. Changes include alterations in shape and color, pitting (holes), thickening, and nail separation from your nail bed. Keeping nails short and protecting them with gloves may help.
(c) Having psoriasis is stressful and may cause anxiety and depression. If psoriasis has you feeling down or overwhelmed, speak with a doctor or mental health professional. Working with them will help you get proper treatment and will help you deal with the emotional effects of having psoriasis.
If psoriasis is suspected even without exhibiting the classic signs and symptoms, seek urgent care immediately, you can make a call (281)542-3998 for 24 Hour Emergency Care in Houston.